Afurika y’Epfo biteye amatsiko: Muri filime “Moffie” Ikuzimu kw’abasirikare bahuje ibitsina mu gihe cy’ivanguramoko

Muri filime nziza nkaho ari ubugome, Oliver Hermanus avuga amateka y’imirimo ya gisirikare y’umusore ukiri muto wo muri Afurika yepfo bahuje ibitsina mu myaka ya za 1980. Kumutima wa bake bazungu banze itandukaniro ryose.

Ati: “Abirabura bari ku muryango wacu, ku buryo ushobora kubyumva. Ariko tuzarengera abagore bacu, abana bacu, igihugu cyacu. »Nyuma yiminota mike ya firime, amajwi arashyirwaho. Turi mu 1981, muri Afrika yepfo ku butegetsi bwa apartheid, kandi dukurikiza intambwe yambere ya Nicholas (yakinnye na Kai Luke Brummer, umukinnyi ukiri muto ukora ku kwifata), umuhungu ukurura abahungu, mugihe yakoraga igisirikare mumahugurwa nkambi yagenewe abasore b’abazungu.

Abanzi bagenwe

Igihugu noneho cyinjiye mu ntambara iramba kuko ntacyo imaze (ntamuntu uzavamo nkuwatsinze) hamwe na Angola y’abakomunisiti. Umwanzi wagenwe rero ni “Umukomunisiti”, ariko kandi “Negro”. Muburyo bukurikirana nkuko bikomeye muri make, umusaza w’umwirabura wicaye wenyine kuntebe kurubuga rwa gariyamoshi aratukwa na gari ya moshi yose y’abahungu bazungu bava mu myitozo. “Haguruka iyo umuntu akuvugishije, Monsieur Noir!” “

Ariko twumva vuba ko iryo hohoterwa rigera no kubantu bose barenze “ihame” ryemerwa naba bake bazungu, bizera cyane, bo muri Afrika. Yibanda rero ku bahuje ibitsina, aba “degenerates” bagaragara kandi babangamira indangagaciro gakondo z’umuryango muto. Gusomana, igikundiro, hamwe na moffies (bisobanurwa ngo “fags” muri Afrikaans) bahohotewe na barumuna babo mu ntwaro mbere yo kwinjira mu biyobyabwenge kandi bitandukanije n’ibigo byita ku barwayi bo mu mutwe biteye ubwoba.

Ikinamico yafashwe na Oliver Hermanus ukomoka muri Cape, yatewe inkunga na Moffie, igitabo cyandika ku buzima bwa Andre Carl van der Merwe cyagize icyo kigeraho muri Afurika yepfo. Biratangaje kubwo impamvu nyinshi. Ubwa mbere, kubwiza bwayo butangaje: ifoto, vintage, ikangura 1980, akenshi iba yuzuye urumuri. Ikuzimu aba basore baba mu nkambi no kumurongo w’imbere bitandukanye n’ubuntu bw’amashusho. Nkuko iyi nkuru yiyahuye, igaragara cyane muri firime mugihe ikurikira imikino yo hanze ihuza imibiri yabahungu, uru rupfu rubabaje rwahagaritse giturumbuka kimwe mubihe bidasanzwe bitagira impungenge muri firime y’amateka.

Ikindi gitangaje nukumenya ko abahohotewe nabo babaho mu muryango w’abazungu mugihe cya apartheid. Abaryamana bahuje igitsina, birumvikana, ariko abasore bose, bahorana urugomo nagasuzuguro mubisirikare. “Wibagirwe ibintu byose utekereza ko uzi. Ntukiri umuntu. . Ibisebe bidakenewe byuzuye . Ni inshingano zacu kuguhindura abagabo. ”Abapolisi basakuza ku basirikare bitoza iyo binjiye mu nkambi.

Mu gukabya kwe (urugero nko gutegeka umwe mu bana kumira ibirutsi bye), serija Nicholas ashingiyeho akangura umusirikare mukuru wimyitozo Hartman wa Full Metal Jacket. Imashini isya ingabo ifite intego imwe: gutuma aba basore bakora ibintu bibi mubikorwa bya leta ya Afrika yepfo

Oliver Hermanus mu nyandiko ya filime yagize ati: “Mvugishije ukuri, ntabwo nigeze mpa agaciro cyane ingorane Abanyafurika y’Epfo bashobora guhura nazo.” Buri gihe natekerezaga, nkurikije ibyo ababyeyi banjye bafite amabara bampaye kimwe na sogokuru, ko abazungu bo muri Afrika yepfo bagize ubuzima bworoshye. “

Icyakora, abazungu bahindutse muburyo “umutungo” wa Leta, boherejwe imbere yintambara idasobanutse, nabo barababajwe, kandi n’ubu baracyabaho hamwe nibuka mugihugu cyahinduye page kumugaragaro. ivangura. Uyu muyobozi agira ati: “Bake muri bo bavuga ku gihe cyabo mu gisirikare, nkaho kitigeze kibaho.” Filime ye yenda gusa n’iyambere murukurikirane ruzavuga amateka ya Afrika yepfo muburyo butandukanye.

Inkuru ya Nshimiyimana Emmanuel/MUHABURA.RW

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