Rwandan businessman Tribert Rugijuro poses in Dubai November 6, 2014. Photo ©Jack Dabaghian for Forbes

Raporo nshya yerekanye ko Rujugiro akora ibikorwa bitemewe byo gutera inkunga imitwe y’iterabwoba

Raporo yashyizwe ahagaragara muri uku kwezi n’umushinga wo kurwanya ubuhezanguni, yise, ‘Ihuriro ridahwitse: Isano riri hagati y’ubutagondwa n’ubucuruzi butemewe muri Afurika y’iburasirazuba’ ivuga ko umutekano w’akarere uragenda ugerwaho n’uko hakomeje kubaho amasoko atemewe n’ubucuruzi biterwa na ruswa.

Umushinga wo kurwanya ubuhezanguni (CEP) ni umuryango mpuzamahanga wa politiki uyobowe n’itsinda rizwi ry’abahoze ari abayobozi b’isi n’abadipolomate bakorera mu Budage, New York na London.

Nk’uko iyi raporo ibigaragaza, mu karere ka Afurika y’Iburasirazuba, ubucuruzi bw’itabi butemewe bwatoranijwe kugira ngo butere inkunga imitwe y’intagondwa, umucuruzi wo mu Rwanda Rujugiro wari mu buhungiro akaba ari we wibanze.

Raporo igira iti: “Muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba no mu turere tuyikikije, byagaragaye ko itabi ritemewe ritera inkunga imitwe y’intagondwa muri DR Congo, ndetse ikanatera inkunga ruswa mu karere kose.”

Rujugiro yakoresheje amafaranga atemewe n’isosiyete ye – Pan African Tobacco Group – mu gutera inkunga Kongere y’igihugu y’u Rwanda (RNC), umutwe w’iterabwoba ufite ibirindiro muri DR Congo.

RNC yashizweho n’abatavuga rumwe n’u Rwanda hagamijwe guhirika ku butegetsi guverinoma y’u Rwanda.

Ukuboza 2018, Itsinda ry’impuguke z’umuryango w’abibumbye ryagaragaje ko RNC ari yo nyirabayazana yo kugerageza iterabwoba n’iterabwoba mu Rwanda na DR Congo.

Ku nkunga ya Rujugiro, RNC yashinze imyambaro yitwa P5, mu myaka mike ishize ikomeza ibirindiro by’ingabo mu burasirazuba bwa DR Congo.

Abayobozi bakuru b’imyambarire nka Habib Mudathiru wayoboye ibikorwa byayo kugeza igihe yafatiwe akoherezwa mu Rwanda mu 2019, bemeye ko bateguye ibikorwa by’iterabwoba mu Rwanda.

Mudathiru yinjijwe muri Uganda, yafashwe n’abasirikare ba DR Congo mu gitero cyagabwe ku mitwe yitwaje intwaro itemewe. Kuva icyo gihe yaburanishijwe kandi aherutse gukatirwa imyaka 25 nyuma yo kwirega.

Yatawe muri yombi n’abarwanyi be 25, na bo bemera icyaha kandi bahabwa ibihano bitandukanye n’Urukiko Rukuru rwa Gisirikare.

Usibye kuba ikigo cyo kwinjiza mu mutwe w’ingabo, Uganda yanagaragaye nk’ibanze mu karere ko gucuruza itabi rya Rujugiro kandi bivugwa ko yishimira ubuyobozi bwa politiki i Kampala.

Mu byukuri, raporo yagaragaje ko syndicates zateguwe zoroherezwa buri gihe na bamwe mu bayoboke ba ruswa bo mu mutwe wa politiki w’akarere.

Binyuze mu izina rye ry’ubucuruzi, Meridian Tobacco Company, Rujugiro mu myaka yashize yafunguye uruganda rukora mu majyaruguru ya Uganda, rukora ikirango cya Supermatch.

Afite kandi imirima minini y’itabi muri kariya karere, yakoreshejwe nk’ikigo cyo gushaka abinjira mu Rwanda kugira ngo binjire mu mutwe w’ingabo zishyigikiwe na RNC muri DR Congo.

Agace kamwe Rujugiro akoreramo ubucuruzi bwe bw’itabi muri Uganda, nabwo bufite inkambi y’impunzi ku Banyarwanda, yavuzwe ko ari ikigo gikomeye cyo kwinjiza mu gisirikare imitwe yitwara gisirikare yo mu Rwanda.

Mudathiru yabwiye urukiko ko yinjijwe mu kigo kimwe.

Imikorere mibi yubucuruzi

Kubera ubwo burinzi bw’abanyapolitiki bo mu bihugu byo mu karere, raporo yavuze ko Rujugiro yavuzwe mu bikorwa bibi by’ubucuruzi, nk’uko byavuzwe muri raporo.

Raporo ivuga ko mu mwaka wa 2012, uruganda rukora itabi rwo muri Kenya rwatangije ikirego kirega umwe mu mashami y’isosiyete ye ifite, PanAfrican Tobacco Group, ashinja iyi sosiyete kuba yariganye ikirango cyayo cy’ibendera, Supermatch, kandi ikagurisha bihendutse ku isoko rya Afurika y’Iburasirazuba.

Raporo igira iti: “Umuyoboro umwe utemewe kandi worohereje magendu y’itabi muri Uganda, inzira izwi ku izina rya ‘kuzenguruka’, hamwe no kunyereza imisoro byoroherezwa n’abashinzwe za gasutamo ruswa ku mpande zombi z’umupaka wa Uganda na Kongo.”

Rujugiro, yemeye kandi icyaha cyo kunyereza imisoro n’uburiganya imbere y’urukiko rwo muri Afurika y’Epfo mu 2009 anacibwa amadorari 3.7m.

Yabanje kandi gukorana n’abayobozi b’Uburundi kubera ibyaha by’amafaranga nko kunyereza amafaranga, magendu no kunyereza imisoro.

Abanditsi ba raporo basabye ko kurwanya neza ubucuruzi n’ubutagondwa bitemewe bisaba inzira y’akarere, bitabaye ibyo ibikorwa byo ku rwego rw’igihugu bikaba byanze bikunze.

“Umuryango w’Afurika y’Iburasirazuba (EAC) ufite uruhare runini muri urwo rwego. Kimwe no guteza imbere ibipimo ngenderwaho ku isoko, urwego rw’akarere rugomba guhatira ibihugu bigize uyu muryango gufata ingamba z’ingenzi zigamije guteza imbere ubufatanye mu kubahiriza amategeko. ”

Ibi bizasaba leta z’umuryango w’ibihugu by’Afurika y’iburasirazuba gukurikiza amakuru yatanzwe na bagenzi babo ku bikorwa by’intagondwa mu bihugu bitandukanye n’ubu.

Urugero, mu myaka yashize, u Rwanda rwamenyesheje Uganda ku bikorwa byakozwe na Rujugiro na bagenzi be bigamije guhungabanya umutekano mu karere ariko ntibyakozwe.

Ati: “Biragaragara ko ubugizi bwa nabi, ruswa, ubuhezanguni n’ubucuruzi butemewe bifitanye isano rya bugufi muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba. Kubera iyo mpamvu, kurwanya akaga k’intagondwa, ubugizi bwa nabi na ruswa byugarije akarere ni ngombwa ko guverinoma z’ibihugu n’inzego zibishinzwe zo mu karere zifata ingamba zifata ubucuruzi butemewe nk’umutekano uhwanye. Ubucuruzi butemewe, ubuhezanguni, ubugizi bwa nabi na ruswa bigomba kubonwa muri rusange. Ibi birashobora kugerwaho binyuze mu zindi ngamba, guhuza ibihano byemewe n’amategeko. ”

Ibyerekeye raporo

Umushinga wo kurwanya ubuhezanguni (CEP) n’umuryango udaharanira inyungu, umuryango mpuzamahanga wa politiki ufite icyicaro mu Budage ugamije kumva imitwe y’intagondwa zikura ku isi no kumenyesha ingamba zo kurwanya.

CEP yakoze cyane kugirango ishyire ahagaragara imiryango y’abahezanguni n’abaterankunga bayo ndetse inabone amakuru yamakuru yerekeye abafite aho bahurira n’iyo mitwe y’intagondwa.

Urwego rugizwe ninzobere zifite amateka atandukanye yahoze akora nk’abayobozi ba leta, abafata ibyemezo ndetse n’abanyapolitiki bakora kugira ngo bategure ingamba n’imikorere myiza yo kurwanya intagondwa.

CEP yabanje gusohora raporo zigaragaza ibikorwa by’imitwe y’intagondwa zirimo Boko Haram muri Nijeriya, Leta ya Kisilamu n’izindi.

Inkuru ya Nshimiyimana Emmanuel/MUHABURA.RW

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