Yashyizweho kuri28 November, 2016 | 11:59

Cuba: Fidel Castro Apfuye atabashije kwambura Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika Ikirwa cya Guantanamo

Urupfu rwa Fidel Castro rwamenyekanye kuwa 26 Ugushyingo 2016 bitangajwe na Murumuna we Raul Castro ari na we uyoboye Cuba kuri ubu, gusa abanyapolitike benshi bo ku’Isi bemeza ko Fidel Castro Apfuye atabashije kwambura Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika Ikirwa cya Guantanamo

Mu mwaka w’1959 ubwo abarwaniraga impinduka bayobowe na Fidel Castro bafataga ubutegetsi, Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika yahise ibuza abasirikare bayo bari I Guantanamo kongera kwinjira ku bundi butaka bwa Cuba. Muri iki gihe umubano w’ibihugu byombi ntiwari umeze neza.

Leta ya Cuba yo ikaba yaravugaga ko yari ikwiye guhita isubirana iki kirwa kuko yavugaga ko Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika ikoresha iki kirwa mu bikorwa by’ubutasi irwanya Cuba. Kuva uwo mwaka kandi Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika ikaba yaroherezaga check yo kwishyura ubukode ariko Cuba ikanga kuyakira.

Mu ijambo Castro yavuze mu mwaka w’1971 yavuze ko ikirwa cya Guantanamo kibereyeho gukoza isoni igihugu cya Cuba, ati “ni nk’icyuma cyo gushegesha icyubahiro n’ubutegetsi bwa Cuba”, yongeyeho ko mu rwego rwa gisirikare iki kirwa nta cyo kimariye Cuba.

Ubusanzwe Castro yakomeje kuvuga ko atemera aya masezerano ngo kuko Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika yashyize igitutu kuri Leta ya Cuba yariho icyo gihe. Byaje guhumira ku mirari ubwo noneho Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika zajyaga kuhafungira abakekwaho kuyobora ibitero byasenye iminara ya World trade center muri 2001 ndetse n’intagondwa zafatiwe muri Afuganisitani.

Kubera ingufu za Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika, mu nama rusange ya ONU yo mu mwaka w’2002 Cuba ikaba yarasabye ko ikirwa cya Guantanamo cyayisubizwa. Iki kibazo cyo gusubizwa Cuba kikaba cyaragoranye cyane kuko mu masezerano uwahoze ari umukuru wa Cuba Batista yagiranye na Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika yavuga ko yahinduka gusa ari uko impande zombi zemeye kuyahindura cyangwa zikayakuraho burundu.

Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika yakandagiye kuri iki kirwa bwa mbere mu mwaka w’1898 ubwo abasirikare bayo barwanira mu mazi bahakambikaga mu gihe cy’intambara yari ishyamiranyije Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika- Cuba na Espagne.

Nyuma y’imyaka itanu, Perezida wari ku butegetsi bwa Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika muri icyo gihe ariwe Theodore Roosevelt yasinyanye amasezerano na leta nshya yari igiyeho muri Cuba yo gukodesha iki kirwa ku biceri bya zahabu 2000 ahwanye n’ibihumbi 4085 by’amadilari y’Amerika y’ubu, ku mwaka.

Aya masezerano akaba yarahise aha Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika uburenganzira bwo gukoresha iki kirwa n’amazi yacyo ku mpamvu gusa z’ibikorwa by’igisirikare kirwanira mu mazi ariko kigakomeza gutegekwa na Cuba.

Gusa mu kiganiro perezida wa Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika Ronald Reagan yahaye abanyamakuru mu mwaka w’ 1985, yareruye avuga ko Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika zakodesheje kiriya kirwa ku mpamvu za politike n’ubwo Cuba itabishakaga. Aya masezerano kandi akaba yaratumye Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika ijya ivanga muri politike y’icyo gihugu.

Perezida wa Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika Barack Obama ubwo yiyamamazaga akaba yaravugaga ko Gereza ya Guantanamo azayifunga naramuka atorewe kuyobora iki gihugu. Mu mwaka w’2009 akaba yari yategetse ko iyi gereza yafungwa ariko kugeza ubu iryo tegeko ntiryubahirijwe.

Nyuma yo kujya ku butegetsi kwa Barack Obama, kuwa 08 Ukuboza 2010 Inteko Ishinga amategeko ya Amerika yaburijemo ibyari byifujwe nawe ku gufunga iyi gereza. Kuri uyu mwanzuro Abadepite bawuburijemo ahubwo 206kuri 212 bemeza ko hagenwa ingengo y’imari izagera muri Nzeri 2011 igenewe gukomeza gukoreshwa mu bikorerwa muri iriya gereza byose, icyo gihe akaba aribwo hashobora gufatwa umwanzuro ku ifungwa ryayo.

Uyu mwanzuro ariko nawo ntiwakurikijwe kuko na nyuma ya Nzeri 2011 iyi gereza yakomeje kubaho ndetse bamwe batangira kubona ko na Perezida Obama wari wasabye ifungwa ryayo asa n’uwacitse intege zo kugumya gutsimbarara ku gitekerezo cye.

N’ubwo ariko bamwe babibonaga gutyo, Perezida Obama yongeye kujya asubira mu magambo (kuwa 11 Nzeri, umunsi wo kwibuka ibitero byibasiye imiturirwa ya Amerika) yivugiye yibutsa ko agomba gufunga iyi gereza ndetse zimwe mfungwa ziyifungiyemo zikarekurwa naho abandi bagakurikiranirwa ku butaka bwa Amerika.

Mu kwezi kwa Mutarama 2014 abasirikare bo ku rwego rwa General 31 bari mu kiruhuko cy’izabukuru bandikiye Perezida Obama bamusaba gufunga iriya gereza nta yandi mananiza.

Nyuma y’uko Perezida Obama yongeye kwemeza ko mu mwaka wa 2017 iyi gereza igomba gufunga imiryango yayo, kuwa kane tariki ya 22 Gicurasi 2014 Abadepite ku bwiganze bw’Abarepubulike batoye umwanzuro uburizamo icyi cyemezo cyo gufunga imiryango ya Guantanamo ubu ibarizwamo imfungwa 154.

N’ubwo byakomeje kwifuzwa n’imiryango myinshi iharanira uburenganzira bwa muntu, ibihugu bitandukanye ndetse na Perezida wa Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Amerika ko iyi gereza ifungwa kubera ibyaha bigizwe n’iyicarubozo ndetse no kutubahiriza amategeko muri rusange bivugwa ko bihakorerwa, kugeza uyu munsi hakaba nta mwanzuro uhamye kandi wizewe urafatwa ngo hemezwe ko iyi gereza ifunzwe.

Twabibutsa ko Inkuru y’urupfu rwa Fidel Castro yamenyekanye kuri uyu wa 26 Ugushyingo 2016 itangajwe na Murumuna we Raul Castro ari na we uyoboye Cuba kuri ubu.

ku mugoroba wo kuri uyu wa Gatandatu w’Icyumweru dushoje nibwo Raul Castro yanatangaje ko ari bwo Fidel Castro aza gutwikwa maze ivu rye rikabikwa ndetse anatangaza ko igihugu kijya mu gihe cy’icyunamo atatangaje iminsi kizamara

Abanyepolitiki batandukanye ku Isi barimo na Perezida wa Repubulika y’u Rwanda Paul Kagame bafashe umwanya wabo bazirikana ubutwari bwaranze Nyakwigendera Castro maze bamwifuriza iruhuko ridashira ari na ko bibuka ubutwari bwamuranze mu buzimabwe bwose.

Abinyujije ku rukuta rwe rwa Twitter, Umukuru w’igihugu cy’u Rwanda yagize ati: " Ruhukira mu mahoro Fidel Castro, inwanyi idatezuka wabayeho mu buzima bwo kwibohora kandi nihanganishije abaturage ba Cuba"

Fidel Castro yavutse Kuwa 13 Kanama 1926 mu ntara ya Oriente muri Cuba.

Mu buzima bwe Castro yaranzwe no guharanira impinduramatwara mu gihugu cya Cuba.

Mu mwaka wa 1953, yarafashwe arafungwa nyuma ya Coup d’Etat yakoze igapfuba ashaka guhirika Fulgencio Batista wayoboraga igihugu.

Mu 1955, Castro yarafunguwe ku mbabazi. Mu 1956 yasubiye mu ishyamba n’ingabo ze kurwanya Leta ya Batista. Mu 1959, yatsinze Fulgencio Batista ahita aba Minisitiri w’Intebe.

Mu mwaka wa 1976 yatowe n’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko ngo abe Perezida wa Cuba.
Mu 1992, yasinye amasezerano na Amerika yerekeye impunzi za Cuba zabagayo.
Mu 2008 yemeye kuva ku butegetsi, abuha murumuna we kubushake.

Castro ni umwe mu bayobozi bakunze kudacana uwaka na Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika, nubwo kuri ubu ibyo bihugu byatangaje ko bishaka gusubukura umubano.

Castro yavugaga ko politiki ya Amerika ari mbi ndetse ari ikurura iterabwoba.Yigeze kubwira George W Bush ko ari ikirumirahabiri ndeste akaba n’umujura, naho muri 2011 avuga ko Obama ari igicucu, ndetse ubwo umubano w’ibihugu byombi wahwihwiswaga ko ugiye kongera kuba mwiza, Castro we yavuze ko atakwizera Amerika.

Nubwo Cuba na Amerika byagerageje kugarura umubano barekura imfungwa ku mpande zombi, Amerika iracyafatiye ibihano icyo gihugu. Inteko Ishinga Amategeko ni yo ifite ububasha bwo kubikuraho.

Ku butegetsi bwe yashinjwaga guhojotera uburenganzira bwa muntu, aho abarwayi ba SIDA bahabwaga akato, abatinganyi bagafungwa.

Yanditswe na Salongo Richard/Muhabura.rw


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One of the most troubling elements with enjoying on-line poker in India is the problem with deposits. The decide additional acknowledged that Web games run for revenue had been res extra commercium, which is legal jargon for a factor exterior commerce." As such, the proposed on-line enterprise
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marketplace. Thus even unlawful betting and gambling winnings would be liable to be taxed beneath Indian laws.

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Horse racing betting is also authorized astray, and betting parlors exist in lots of elements of the nation. Over 50,000 people play
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These groups will probably be chosen via 70+ qualifying rounds held across
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West Bengal excludes card games reminiscent of rummy, bridge and poker from the definition of gambling, although permission is required from district magistrates and commissioners for conducting competitions in public.
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Is the most well-liked of those online websites and has a participant database of more than a hundred,
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The city with thriving and intensive poker circuit now has poker rooms/golf
equipment that cater to all types of stakes, the common game in most locations ranges
from 25-50 to 50-a hundred with minimum purchase-ins
ranging from INR 2000 upwards. Rajeev Raut who has performed
poker around the world since 1997 carried ahead his passion for the game by
opening this poker room in Silicon Valley of India.
The truth is that the place any operator is funded from outside of India, it’s illegal
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