Yashyizweho kuri29 May, 2019 | 14:02

Impamvu ibibazo bya Huawei bishingiye kuri Google biteye impungenge Afurika

Abasesenguzi bavuga ko icyemezo cya Google cyo gufatira "software" ya Android ya Huawei kibonwa nk’intangiririro y’intambara y’ubutita mu by’ikoranabuhanga ishobora gutuma ibihugu by’Afurika - mu gihe kizaza - bihitamo hagati yo gukoresha ikoranabuhanga ry’Amerika cyangwa iry’Ubushinwa.

Kuri uyu wa gatatu, Song Liuping, umunyamategeko mukuru wa Huawei, yagiranye ikiganiro n’abanyamakuru avuga ko guca iyi kompanyi muri Amerika byatanga urugero rubi rutari rwarigeze rubaho mbere kandi ko byagira ingaruka ku bakiliya babarirwa muri za miliyari.

Benshi mu baturage b’Afurika bakoresha umurongo wa internet muri iki gihe, bishoboka ko bakoresha telefone igendanwa igezweho (smartphone) ikoreshwa umuyoboro wa internet wubatswe n’Ubushinwa, ndetse kenshi ugasanga warubatswe na kompanyi ya Huawei.

Eric Olander, ukora mu kigo cyo muri Afurika y’epfo kiga ku Bushinwa n’Afurika, yagize ati "Huawei yubatse ibikorwa-remezo byinshi by’ikoranabuhanga biri muri Afurika kuri ubu".

Yungamo ati "Rero Amerika niramuka ishoboye gukoma mu nkokora iyi kompanyi, ingaruka ziri imbere zizazahaza n’urwego rw’ikoranabuhanga rw’Afurika rutangiye gutera imbere, rushingiye kuri kompanyi kuri ubu idacana uwaka na Washington [Amerika]".

Perezida Donald Trump w’Amerika ayoboye ubukangurambaga bwo gushishikariza ibihugu by’inshuti z’Amerika gucana umubano na Huawei.

Avuga ko - mu mpamvu zindi atanga - ikoranabuhanga ry’iyi kompanyi riteje akaga ku mutekano kuko ryatuma leta y’Ubushinwa ikora ubutasi ku bakoresha Huawei ariko Huawei yakomeje guhakana ibyo birego.

Ubukangurambaga bwo kwamagana Huawei burangajwe imbere n’Amerika, nkuko bivugwa na Eric Schmidt wahoze ari umuyobozi mukuru wa Google, bushobora gutuma internet icikamo kabiri, hakabaho iyobowe n’Ubushinwa n’itari iy’Ubushinwa iyobowe n’Amerika.

Mu gihe ibyo byaramuka bibaye, Afurika ntikwiye kugira uruhande ibogamiraho, nkuko Harriet Kariuki, impuguke mu mubano w’Ubushinwa n’Afurika yabibwiye BBC.

Yagize ati "Ntabwo ari urugamba rwacu, dukwiye ahubwo kwibanda ku kureba ikidushobokeye".

Madamu Kariuki avuga ko ahubwo ibihugu by’Afurika bikwiye kwishyira hamwe bikigisha abaturage babyo k’uko ibintu bihagaze, akizera ko bishobora kumvikana hagati yabyo, nkuko bimeze mu muryango w’ubumwe bw’Uburayi, ku itegeko rirengera abaguzi b’ikoranabuhanga bo muri Afurika.

Yongeyeho ati "Igihe gishobora kuba kigeze ko Afurika ikora ikoranabuhanga ryayo rijyanye n’isoko ryayo, aho kuba abagurishwaho ikoranabuhanga. Ndashaka kubona ibihugu by’Afurika byishyira hamwe bigasubiza inyuma ubu bukoloni buri kwiyongera bw’ikoranabuhanga".

’Kwinjirira umuryango w’ubumwe bw’Afurika’

Mu gihe impungenge za vuba aha kuri Huawei zibanze ku itumanaho mu bihugu by’i Burayi n’Amerika, hari n’ibirego byuko mbere hari ikibazo cy’umutekano w’itumanaho cyabayeho muri Afurika.

Abanenga ibikorwa bya Huawei batanga urugero rw’inkuru yasohotse mu kinyamakuru Le Monde cyo mu Bufaransa mu kwezi kwa mbere k’umwaka ushize wa 2018, yavuze ko mudasobwa zo ku cyicaro cy’umuryango w’ubumwe bw’Afurika (AU) kiri Addis-Abeba muri Ethiopia zaba zarinjiriwe.

Iryo perereza ry’icyo kinyamakuru rivuga ko izo mudasobwa zashyizwe aho na Huawei zari zimaze imyaka itanu, hagati y’amasaha ya saa sita z’ijoro na saa munani z’ijoro, amakuru yazo yoherezwaga muri kilometero zirenga 8000 uvuye aho - akajyanwa i Shanghai mu Bushinwa.

Ibyo birego byahakanywe n’ubuyobozi bwa AU ndetse n’abategetsi b’Ubushinwa.

Ibihugu by’Afurika, ndetse n’ibifitanye umubano wa hafi mu by’umutekano n’Amerika, ahanini byirinze kwinjira mu mpaka zijyanye na Huawei - kandi impamvu zirumvikana.

Huawei ibifite ibikorwa byinshi muri Afurika, birimo no kuba ku mwanya wa kane muri kompanyi zigurisha telefone zigendanwa zigezweho (smartphones) nyinshi, inyuma y’indi kompanyi yo mu Bushinwa ya Transsion ikora telefone za Tecno na Infinix, ndetse na Samsung yo muri Koreya y’epfo.

Uko ari enye, kuri ubu izo kompanyi zikoresha uburyo bwa Android bwa Google.

Huawei kandi ihabwa n’amahirwe menshi yo gutsindira isoko ryo kubaka umurongo mugari wa internet ya 5G ku mugabane w’Afurika.

Amateka ya Huawei muri Afurika

Yatangije ibikorwa byayo mu mwaka wa 1998 muri Kenya,Ikorera mu bihugu 40,Yubatse 50% by’umurongo mugari wa internet wa 4G muri Afurika,Igeza ikoranabuhanga mu mishinga y’imijyi y’icyitegererezo,Ikora ibikorwa byinshi by’ubushakashatsi ndetse ni iya kane mu kugurisha telefone zigendanwa zigezweho (smartphones) nyinshi

None Afurika izahatirwa guhitamo hagati y’Amerika n’Ubushinwa?

Iginio Gagliardone, wanditse igitabo kivuga ku Bushinwa n’Afurika n’ejo hazaza ha internet, yemera ko ubushyamirane buriho hagati y’Ubushinwa n’Amerika bushobora kuba ari bwo butuma Huawei yongera ikoreshwa rya software ya Android mu gufasha isoko ryayo riri gutera imbere ryo muri Afurika.

Ariko yabwiye BBC News ko bitayihendukira cyangwa ngo biyorohere kubaka ubu bushobozi.

Ko byanayikomerera kujyana muri Afurika uburyo bwa internet bufunganye bukoreshwa mu Bushinwa, bivuze ko byasaba abakiliya bayo gukoresha Baidu aho gukoresha Google, na Sina Weibo aho gukoresha Twitter.

Ariko avuga ko uburyo bwa WeChat bukomatanya imbuga nkoranyambaga, bwo bushobora gukora muri Afurika.

Bwana Gagliardone yagize ati "Ibihugu by’Afurika ntibikwiye kugira uruhande bibogamiraho, mu by’ukuri byaba byiza muri iyi ntambara y’ubutita y’ikoranabuhanga [Afurika] ishoboye gushinga umuryango udafite aho ubogamiye wo kurengera inyungu zayo".

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