Yashyizweho kuri15 November, 2016 | 13:23

Bimwe mu bihugu byatangiye kubura umwuka wo guhumeka kubera ibyuka bisohorwa n’inganda ndetse n’imodoka

Guverinoma y’u Rwanda yagarutse ku nyungu yiteze ku mushinga utegerejwe ku gasoongero k’Ikirunga cya Kalisimbi ukubiyemo ibikorwa birimo kugenzura Iteganyagihe mu Rwanda no mu muryango w’ubucuruzi w’ibihugu by’iburasirazuba n’amajyepfo y’Afurika (COMESA).

Kalisimbi yatoranyirijwe gushyirwaho Ibiro bigenzura iteganyagihe n’imihindagurikire y’ibihe kuko ari ko gace kari ku butumburuke bwo hejuru ahoroshye cyane gukurura amkuru y’iteganyagihe nyuma y’aho mu mwaka wa 2007 u Rwanda rwagaragajwe nk’igihugu cya COMESA kigomba kugenzura ikirere mu karere.

Uyu mushinga witezweho kurangira utwaye akayabo ka miliyoni 300 z’amadolari ya Amerika, uzaba ugizwe kandi n’imodoka zigenda ku migozi hejuru ya Kalisimbi.

Itsinda ry’Impuguke riturutse muri Kaminuza y’Ikoranabuhanga ya Massachusetts (Massachusetts Institute of Technology/MIT) ryasuye u Rwanda mu mwaka wa 2009 zisanga Umusozi wa Mugongo n’Ikirunga cya Kalisimbi ari two duce turi mu majyaruguru y’igihugu twaberaho ibikorwa byo kugenzura imihindagurikire y’ibihe.

Minisitiri w’Umutungo Kamere yagarutse kuri gahunda u Rwanda rufite gushyira mu bikorwa bitarenze mu mwaka wa 2017 ubwo rwashimiraga kwinjizwa mu ry’ibihugu n’abikorera riharanira kubungabunga ubuzima ririnda ikirere hagabanywa ibyago bitezwa n’inganda (Climate and Clean Air Coalition) ku wa Mbere muri Maroc mu nama ya 22 y’ibihugu byashyize umukono ku masezerano mpuzamahanga ajyanye n’imihindagurikire y’ibihe (COP22).

Minisitiri w’Umutungo Kamere Dr. Biruta Vincent yagaragaje ko u Rwanda rwishimiye kwiyunga kuri iri tsinda ahamya ko bazatanga umusanzu ufatika mu kubungabunga ikirere.

Yakomeje agaragaza ko u Rwanda rwiteguye gutanga ubufasha bwose bukenewe mu guhagarika ibyuka bihumbanya ikirere (black carbon) bikomoka ku nganda, imodoka ndetse na moteri byanduza ikirere cyane cyane mu mijyi.

Nka kimwe mu bizafasha u Rwanda mu guhangana n’abanduza ikirere Minisitiri Biruta yashimangiye ko harimo ahazashyirwa igicumbi cy’igenzura ry’ikirere (climate observatory) cyitezwe ku gasongero k’ikirunga cya Kalisimbi kari ku butumburuke bwa metero metero 4,507.

Yagize ati “Turimo gushyiraho igicumbi cy’igenzura ry’ikirere kizaduha amakuru yizewe dukeneye mu gufata ingamba zo kugabanya ibyuka bigihumanya. Izi ngufu zihurizwa zihabwa ingufu n’itegeko rihana rihana abanduza ikirere.

Minisitiri Dr. Biruta yanashiimangiye ko mu kugabanya ibyuka bihumanya ikirere hongerewe imisoro ku modoka zishaje, ndetse n’iziri mu gihugu zose zikaba zitegetswe gukimwa ikigero cy’ibyuka zisohora.

Yanagarutse ku mbogamizi iri tsinda rikwiye kurebaho cyane ijyanye n’ibikorwa byo gutwika amashyamba no gucana amakara bikunze kugaragara mu Rwanda no mu bindi bihugu bya Afurika kuko ibiti ari yo soko y’ibicanwa ku mubare munini w’abaturage.

U Rwanda rwashimiye icyizere amahanga yarugiriye cyo gutanga umusanzu mu guhindura amasezerano ya Montreal (Montreal Protocol) arebana no kurinda akayunguruzo k’izuba.

Yanditswe na Ubwanditsi/Muhabura.rw


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