Yashyizweho kuri12 July, 2016 | 16:48

Menya Bimwe mu bibazo 4 by’ingenzi Umwami Musinga yagiranye n’Ababiligi

Ubundi Musinga ni mwene Kigeli IV Rwabugili.Nyina uvugwa ko yamubyaye ni Kanjogera ka Rwakagara,umwegakazi. Musinga abonwa na benshi nk’umwami wagize urhare rukomeye mu gutuma abazungu bubaha Abanyarwanda kuko atabemereye kwigarurira ubutegetsi bwose n’ubwo bwose bagiye bamurusha intege gahoro gahoro nk’uko tugiye kubireba hasi:

Tubanze twibukiranye ko abazungu bategetse u Rwanda bakomokaga mu bihugu bibiri bitandukanye aribyo u Budage(1899-1916) ndetse n’Ububiligi ( 1916-1962).Musinga yahuye ibibazo byinshi byaranze ubutegetsi bwe kuko akimikwa, ntabwo yayobotswe n’Abanyarwnada bose kuko abo mu majyaruguru y’ubwami banze kumuyoboka bavuga ko yanyaze ingoma Mibambwe Rutarindwa wari umaze iminsi yiciwe ku Rucunshu.

Mu buhanga bwa Musinga, yaje kwiyegereza abo Badage bari bafite imbunda bamufasha gutsinda Basebya ba Nyirantwari na Ndungutse bari baragumutse barema ingabo zirwanya Musinga mu duce tw’Amajyaruguru y’u Rwanda rw’ubu .

Aho amariye kwigarurira ako gace yagize ibyago kuko abadage bari bamaze kumu fasha kandi banamwubaha ,bagize batya batsindwa Intambara ya Mbere y’Isi bari barashoje mu Burayi.Ingoma Ndage iba irangiye ityo.

Mu by’ukuri, Abadage bagiye Abanyarwanda bakibakunze ndetse n’ikimenyimenyi ni uko wasangaga bakurikiranira hafi amakuru y’Intambara ya Kabiri y’Isi kugira ngo bumve ko Abadaha(nk’uko bitaga Abadage banga ko Ababiligi bamenya ko bagikunze abadage) batinda bakagaruka.Ugasanga baganira babazanya amakuru y’aho Hitimana ageze atsinda intambara(Hitimana yari Hitileri kugirango bajijishe Ababiligi).

Bimwe mu bibazo by’ingenzi Musinga yagiranye n’Ababiligi:

1.Musinga ntiyihanganiye kubona abazungu bazana ingabo zabo kandi yari afite ingabo ze.
Izo ngabo zakoze akazi kazo mu gihe cy’imyaka itatu(1916-1919).Gusa nyuma yaho zakomeje kugira ijambo rikomeye mu bijyanye n’umutekano mu gihugu. Nk’uko Abadage babigenje mbere,Ababiligi nabo bafashe Abanyarwanda aba aribo bifashisha mu gutegeka abaturage.Ibi byateraga Abanyarwanda urujijo ryo kumenya mu by’ukuri utegeka igihugu.Ingabo z’Umwami zataye agaciro hasigara hategeka iz’Abazungu.Ibyo bibabaza Musinga.

2. Musinga yambuwe ububasha ubundi bwari bumugenewe nk’Umwami w’U Rwanda .

Ubundi Abanyarwanda bari bazi ko Umwami ari Imana y’u Rwanda .Umwami yari afite ububasha bwatumaga abasha gucyemura ibibazo bikomeye cyane bitari mu bushobozi bw’undi munyarwanda wese,hakubiyemo no kwemera ko umuntu runaka yicwa mu gihe byagirira abandi akamaro.

Abazungu bageze naho bamubuza kuba yahana abana be mu gihe abyumva atyo.Urugero ruzwi cyane n’urw’umukobwa we witwaga Musheshambugu wabajijwe kuba Umukristo ariko Abamisiyoneri bahagarariwe na Mgr Classe bagashinja Musinga kubuza abanyarwanda kuyoboka idini bashaka. Mw’ibaruwa Classe yandikiye Voisin mbere gato y’uko Musinga acibwa yamushinjaga kurwanya Ubukristo yasohotse mu kinyamakuru (Essor colonial maritime:Un triste sire).

3.Musinga yarwanyije Ubukristo mu Bwami bwe.

Mbere y’uko Abazungu baza mu Rwanda bakazana idini rya Gikristo ,Abanyarwanda basengaga Imana bitaga Imana y’i Rwanda ,Rurema,Rubasha,Iyakare n’ayandi mazina y’Icyubahiro.Abamisiyonari baje mu Rwanda,bigisha ko hariho indi Mana bo babonaga ko ariyo y’ukuri.

Mu mizo ya mbere nk’uko Jean Pierre Chrétien yabyanditse,abamisiyoneri bagizwe n’Abapadiri bitwaga Abapadiri bera boherejwe na Musenyeli Lavigérie babwiwe ko intego ya mbere ari ‘guhindura imitima y’inyamaswa zituye muri Afrika zikavamo abantu basobanutse b’abakristo’(Chrétien J.P:Mission,Pouvoir colonial et pouvoir africain,p 140).

Ibyo birumvikanisha ukuntu umwami yari bwifate imbere y’abantu bashakaga gusuzugura Abanyarwanda bene ako kageni.Aho bamariye kubakira Kiliziya yitiriwe Yezu Umwami,I Nyanza (1946)hafi y’I bwami, byeretse Abanyarwabda bose ko Kiliziya ikuye Kirazira, ko Yezu asimbuye Abami b’u Rwanda kutegeka u Rwanda.

4.Bamwe mu batware bari baratangiye kwanga Musinga.

Kubera ukuntu Abazungu bari barigaruriye imitima y’Abanyanrwanda ,umutware utayobotse idini yabo yaranyagwaga.Ibi byateye abatware bamwe ubwoba bituma batangira kugenda bava kuri Musinga kuko bari bamaze kubona ko Abazungu bamurusha imbaraga.Muri bo harimo abazwi cyane ka Rwabutogo na Kayondo bari bene wabo,uyu Kayondo we akaba yarakundaga no kujya kumurega ku bazungu(Kalibwami J:Le Catholicisme et la Sociéte Rwandaise 1990-1962,p 205).

Ibi byose rero hamwe n’ibindi bibishamikiyeho byatumwe mu gitondo cyo kuwa 12,Ugushyingo1931 Bwana Voisin wari uhagarariye Umwami w’Ababiligi muri Ruanda-Urundi nk’uko byitwaga muri cyo gihe amenyesha Umwami Musinga ko atakiri Umwami w’u Rwanda ukundi kandi ko aciriwe I Kamembe,(Van Overschelde,Un audacieux pacifique,p 73).

Kalibwami akomeza atubwira ko Musinga acibwa yajyanye ingoma Kalinga n’izindi ngoma zigaragiye Kalinga, ndetse aherekezwa na Nyina Kanjogera.Abagaragu benshi cyane b’inkoramutima ze baramuherekeza bagana I Kamembe(Muri cya gitabo p 211)

Yanditswe na Ubwanditsi/Muhabura.rw


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Nshimiyimana Theophile - November 2016

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claude - October 2016

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